Budapest

Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.

The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia. Hungarians arrived in the territory in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241–42. The re-established town became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century. It also became the second capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I.

It has the second-oldest metro line in the world. It has around 80 geothermal springs, the world’s largest thermal water cave system, second largest synagogue, and third largest Parliament building (it has 691 rooms, 20 kilometers (12,5 miles) of stairs and at 96 meters (315 feet) it is the same height as the St. Stephen’s Basilica.) The city attracts about 4.4 million tourists a year, making it the 25th most popular city in the world, and the 6th in Europe, according to Euromonitor.
The Budapest Metropolitan Area is home to 3.3 million people. The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres.

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